≡ Menu

What is the proposal for establishing the Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley AVA?

On May 8, 2012, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (“TTB”) announced a proposal for establishing an American Viticultural Area (“AVA”) for the Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley in Douglas, Grant, and Kittitas Counties in central Washington. The notice states that TTB:

proposes to establish the 162,762-acre “Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley” viticultural area in Douglas, Grant, and Kittitas Counties in central Washington. The proposed viticultural area lies within the larger Columbia Valley viticultural area [27 CFR 9.74]. TTB designates viticultural areas to allow vintners to better describe the origin of their wines and to allow consumers to better identify wines they may purchase. (27 CFR Part 9 Notice No. 128 Proposed Establishment of the Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley Viticultural Area.)

The proposal indicates that the Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley is distinguishable from the Columbia Valley AVA because of the topography, soils, climate, and geography of the propose viticultural area. (See TTB Newsletter for May 11, 2012.) Accordingly, the proposed AVA is located within a “distinctive landform” that is known locally as the Quincy Basin, which has “elevations lower than the surrounding area and slopes gently to the east.” (Federal Registrer: Proposed Establishment of the Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley Viticultural Area.) It is noted that the floor of the basin is flatter than the surrounding region. (See id.) Additionally, according to the United States Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service, the proposed AVA has 65 soil types and the petition itself compares the soil of the proposed AVA with the soil of the current Columbia Valley AVA. (See id.) “The tables show significant contrasts in soils within and outside of the proposed Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley viticultural area.” (Id.)

According to the Federal Register,  Joan R. Davenport, a professor of soil sciences at Washington State University, and Cameron Fries of White Heron Cellars, sent TTB a petition on behalf of vintners and grape growers in the Ancient Lakes region of central Washington promoting the establishment the Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley viticultural area. (See Federal Registrer: Proposed Establishment of the Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley Viticultural Area.) In addition,

[t]he proposed viticultural area contains 162,762 acres, 1,399 acres of which are dedicated to commercially-producing vineyards. The petition states that there are six wineries and six commercially-producing vineyards located within the proposed viticultural area. The petition also includes a map showing that the vineyards and wineries are dispersed throughout the proposed viticultural area. According to the petition, the distinguishing features of the proposed viticultural area include its topography, soils, climate, and geology. Unless otherwise noted, all information and data contained in the below sections concerning the name, boundary, and distinguishing features of the proposed viticultural area are from the petition for the proposed Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley viticultural area and its supporting exhibits. (Id.)

What are the main differences between the Columbia Valley AVA and the proposed Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley AVA?

The Federal Register notes that petition’s information indicates that the proposed Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley viticultural area “generally has a climate that fits within the climate range of the larger Columbia Valley viticultural area as described in T.D. ATF-190, with low annual precipitation, a growing season of 180 days, and 2,570 GDD units.” (Id.) The TTB, however, highlights that while similarities do exist between Columbia Valley and the Ancient Lakes area, such similarities juxtapose with the more disparate topography, soils, and climate of what is currently an expansive area. (Id.) While the Columbia Valley viticultural area and the proposed Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley viticultural area are both basins, it is notable that Columbia Valley is “is marked by three major rivers, whereas the water features of the proposed Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley viticultural area include many small lakes and two manmade irrigation canals” and the only major river in the proposed Ancient Lakes area is the Columbia River. (Id.) Additionally, it is considerable the petition indicates that, while certain soil contents are found within the proposed viticultural area, such soils are not found in the same frequency as those in the current, established viticultural area. (Id.)

What is the notice and comment process for this proposal?

The TTB welcomes comments on this proposal until July 9, 2012. For more information about how to submit a comment, see 27 CFR Part 9 Notice No. 128 Proposed Establishment of the Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley Viticultural Area and to view comments associated with this rulemaking, see Docket Folder Summary: Proposed Establishment of the Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley Viticultural Area. As of this writing, there is currently one comment with respect to this proposal.

What is an American Viticultural Area (“AVA”)?

Section 4.25(e)(1)(i) of the Code of Federal Regulations (27 CFR 4.25(e)(1)(i)) defines a viticultural area for American wine as “[a] delimited grape-growing region having distinguishing features as described in part 9 of this chapter and a name and a delineated boundary as established in part 9 of this chapter.” These classifications permit vintners and consumers to “attribute a given quality, reputation, or other characteristic of a wine made from grapes grown in an area to its geographic origin.” (Federal Registrer: Proposed Establishment of the Ancient Lakes of Columbia Valley Viticultural Area.) Structuring, classifying, and establishing viticultural areas within the United States allows winegrowers to more accurately describe the origin of their wine products and to additionally aid consumers in the identification of wines. It is widely believed, and argued by many, that the area in which wine grapes are grown can greatly characterize the wine in terms of style, taste, and overall product reputation.

Photographs are property of Lindsey A. Zahn.

For more information on wine or alcohol law, TTB, AVAs, or federal law, please contact Lindsey Zahn.

DISCLAIMER: This blog post is for general information purposes only, is not intended to constitute legal advice, and no attorney-client relationship results. Please consult your own attorney for legal advice.


Quinta Nova, Ferrão. — in Oporto, Porto, Portugal.

TTB recently announced, in final rule T.D. TTB-103, it is amending labeling regulations to require the listing of cochineal extract and carmine on the label of any alcohol beverage that contains one or both of the color additives. According to the final rule, “[t]his rule responds to a final rule issued by the Food and Drug Administration. Consumers who are allergic to cochineal extract or carmine will now be able to identify and thus avoid alcohol beverage products that contain these color additives.” (See T.D. TTB-103.) TTB indicates this requirement will apply to “products that are removed from domestic bonded premises or from customs custody on or after April 16, 2013; however, voluntary compliance with this final rule, including making any required labeling changes, may begin immediately.” For information on the effective date and the history of this change, see id. For more information on the final rule issued by the FDA, from which this change stems, refer to Listing of Color Additives Exempt From Certification: Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Labeling: Cochineal Extract and Carmine Declaration.


Continuing Legal Education (“CLE”) International is hosting two upcoming conferences on alcohol beverage law. The first, which is the Alcohol Beverage Law & Technology Conference, will be held in San Francisco, CA on May 11, 2012 and is co-chaired by James M. Seff, Esq. of Pillsbury Law and Marc E. Sorini, Esq. of McDermott Will & Emery LLP. It is a one-day national conference held at Hotel Nikko. The conference entails “[e]xperts from around the country [that] will bring you up-to-speed on the latest public policy debates and developments in intellectual property, electronic and digital media, data security and privacy, electronic discovery, and more.” (See Alcohol Beverage Law & Technology.) At the Alcohol Beverage Law & Technology conference, up to seven hours of MCLE credit, including one hour of ethics credit, can be earned. For more information on the schedule, topics, faculty, and how to register, see the brochure or the website for the Alcohol Beverage Law & Technology CLE Conference.

The second conference, which is CLE’s 17th Annual Wine, Beer & Spirits Law Conference, will be held in Austin, TX on September 20, 2012 through September 21, 2012. The promotional materials are not currently available for this conference, so please check the CLE website in the future for more information regarding this upcoming event.

The following is provided from Kerry Mason, the Program Attorney for CLE International:

New One-Day National Conference!


May 11, 2012—Hotel Nikko—San Francisco

Technology is advancing every day—are you ready?  CLE International brings you this exciting new Conference, specifically designed for those involved in wine, beer and spirits law.  Don’t miss out! Register now at www.cle.com/alcohol or (800) 873-7130.

Alcohol Beverage Law & Technology CLE International Conference

Brochure property of CLE International. All remaining photographs are property of Lindsey A. Zahn, unless otherwise noted.


Several updates from the TTB recently developed with respect to the alcohol beverage industry. These updates are noted below.

New Certificate of Origin Requirement for Exporting U.S. Alcohol Beverage Products to Korea: The recent trade agreement between the United States and Korea, along with its provisions, are particularly relevant for wine and alcohol beverage producers exporting products to Korea. The Agreement went into effect on March 15, 2012. (Read more about the trade agreement at U.S.–Korea Trade AgreementNew Opportunity for U.S. Exporters Under the U.S.–Korea Trade Agreement.) The Agreement is important to the alcohol beverage industry in the United States because it proposes to reduce and eventually eliminate tariffs on the exportation of alcohol beverages. The TTB, however, notes that a specific new addition is included in the Agreement: a certificate of origin for all U.S. alcohol beverages exported to Korea. For more information, see the TTB’s copy of the Korean–U.S. FTA Certificate of Origin necessary to claim a reduced tariff  and the Import/Export Requirements for Korea.

Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau Announces Revisions to Certificate of Label Approval (“COLA”) Form: On March 30, 2012 the Department of Treasury published a notice in the Federal Registry for TTB Form 5100.31, Application for the COLA. This notice is succeeds a prior notice, 76 FR 81016, published by the TTB on December 27, 2011. The December notice sought comments from the public on changes the TTB advanced  with respect to the form, such as adding new types of changes that can be made to alcohol beverage labels without acquiring a new COLA for that beverage. “This [second] notice announces that the  Department of the Treasury has submitted the form to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and clearance in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 and solicits comments on the form.” Comments for this Federal Register notice can be submitted to the TTB until April 30, 2012. To learn more about submitting a comment with respect to the March notice, see Revisions to TTB Label Approval Form

For more information on wine or alcohol law, TTB, labeling or COLAs, or advertising, please contact Lindsey Zahn.

DISCLAIMER: This blog post is for general information purposes only, is not intended to constitute legal advice, and no attorney-client relationship results. Please consult your own attorney for legal advice.


Additional Transnational Wine Trade Agreements

Montalcino, Italy.

Montalcino, Italy.

In the past, with respect to transnational wine trade agreements, many of On Reserve’s entries discuss the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (“TRIPS”), the Agreement Between the European Community and the United States of American on Trade in Wine, and the Agreement Between the European Community and Australia on Trade in Wine. It is noteworthy, however, to recognize that many other nations throughout the world have trade agreements with the European Union. Additional wine trade agreements with the European Union, or agreements encompassing wine trade, are summarized as follows:

  • Canada—Canada presently maintains a wine trade agreement with the European Union that is the product of three years of negotiations between the two powers. The Agreement, The Agreement Between the European Community and Canada on Trade in Wines and Spirit Drinks, contains provisions related to trademarks and geographical indications, production and quality standards for wines and spirits, and the role of independent audits and provincial authorities in Canada to ensure regulations are enforced properly. One of the major contentions in forming the updated trade agreement between Canada and the EU entailed recognizing certain wines and spirits as non-generic. Similar to the United States, Canada recognized many European wine and spirits as generic—such as Champagne, Port/Porto, Sherry,  Chablis, Burgundy, Sauterne, Grappa, Marc, and Ouzo—that the EU acknowledged as warranting heightened protection. The EU’s aim in this agreement was to induce heightened protection for some of the wines and spirits names that Canada categorized as generic and classify these names as geographical indications. The EU-Canada Agreement recognized three “phase out” stages for a number of wines and spirits Canada previously recognized as generic, including (but not limited to) Chablis, Champagne, Port/Porto, Sherry, Burgundy, Rhin/Rhine, Grappa, Ouzo, and Pacharan. In exchange for Canada’s recognition of European wines and spirits names, the EU agreed to protect Canadian Rye Whisky as a distinctive product from Canada.
  • Chile—In November 2002, Chile and the European Union entered an agreement titled the Agreement on Establishing Association Between the European Community and its Member States, Of the One Part, and the Republic of Chile, Of the Other Part. Section 6 of the Agreement, titled “Wines and Spirits,” refers to Annexes V and VI of the Agreement, which are formally known as the Agreement on Trade in Wine and the Agreement on Trade in Spirit Drinks and Aromatised Drinks. The entire EU-Chile Agreement contains provisions relating to geographical indications, but Annexes V and VI specifically regulate wine trade between the two parties. Annexes V and VI function “on the basis of non-discrimination and reciprocity, to facilitate and promote trade in wine produced in Chile and in the Community . . . .” (Agreement on Establishing Association Between the European Community and its Member States, Of the One Part, and the Republic of Chile, Of the Other Part, Annex 5.) The core of the EU-Chile Wine Trade Agreement defines geographical indications and traditional expressions and the terms and conditions for registering and using a trademark.
  • Mexico—In 1997, Mexico and the EU signed an Agreement titled the Agreement Between the European Community and the United Mexican States on the Mutual Recognition and Protection of Designations for Spirit Drinks. Under the EU-Mexico Agreement, both parties agreed to protect the denominations of origin of certain spirits products, such as Tequila, Mezcal, Whisky, Grappa, and Cognac. Article 4 of the Agreement reserved use of these geographical indications exclusively by their places of origin indicated by the designations. Article 4 extends to phrases that imply a product is similar to the original geographical indication, including “type,” “style,” “kind,” and “method,” but not produced in the area reserved to the designation of origin. Like many of its predecessors, the EU-Mexico Agreement contains provisions governing homonymous names, administrative measures and legal proceedings, and two annexes listing the protected geographical indications for wines and spirits in the EU and the appellations of origins for spirits in Mexico.
  • South Africa—In 2002, South African signed an agreement with the EU that warrants heightened protection for many geographical indications originating in the EU. The agreement, Agreement Between the European Community and the Republic of South Africa on Trade in Wine, is the product of many negotiations and struggles between the two wine powers; the EU, in its traditional fashion, sought heightened protection for a list of its wine names, including Port and Sherry. As is a continual pattern in many of the negotiations between the EU and other wine powers, obtaining this protection was a struggle with South Africa, whose global influence as a wine producer continually expands. However, the final EU-South Africa Agreement grants stronger protection to geographical indications and appellations of origins than regulations outlined in the TRIPS Agreement, as South African agreed to phase out the use of Port and Sherry on its wine products. Additional provisions under the EU-South Africa Agreement include recognizing oenological processes (including accepting future practices developed by either party). The two powers also signed an agreement regulating spirits in 2002, Agreement Between the European Community and the Republic of South Africa on Trade in Spirits, which requires increased protection for a list of geographical indications for spirits, including Grappa, Ouzo, and Pacharan, after a transitional period.
There are additional agreements between the EU and other bodies, including Switzerland and Croatia, which are available for review at European Commission: Bilateral Agreements.
Quinta Nova, Ferrão; Oporto, Porto, Portugal.

Quinta Nova, Ferrão; Oporto, Porto, Portugal.


For more information on wine or alcohol law, international trade, or distribution, please contact Lindsey Zahn.

DISCLAIMER: This blog post is for general information purposes only, is not intended to constitute legal advice, and no attorney-client relationship results. Please consult your own attorney for legal advice.

{ 1 comment }

Quinta da Gaivosa (Domingos Alves de Sousa), Cumieira, Santa Marta de Penaguião

The 19th annual Vineyard Data Quantification Society Conference will take place from May 30, 2012 to June 2, 2012, in Coimbra and Viseu, Portugal. This meeting is organized by the Vineyard Data Quantification Society (“VDQS”). This year, we are pleased to host a special session with a special topic on Wine & Laws or Regulation, chaired by Dr. Théodore Georgopoulos, of the Université de Reims ChampagneArdenne. 


  1. Impacts of laws and rules (tax, customs, environment, etc.) on localization and the value of the vineyards, business characteristics (and transmission), production, wine marketing, advertising, consumption of wines and their consequences.
  2. Evolution of judicial practices in the wine sector
  3. Harmonization of legislation (European and world level) 
  4. Other topics include wine sustainability and sustainable development, marketing and management, evolution and institutions, and gastronomic studies. Research topics also include traditional topics, such as economics, marketing and management, wine industries in economics, quality & gastronomy, wine development, and wine and society.

More information is available at Vineyard Data Qualification Society and Le Temps Jusqu’au 13 Fevrier Pour Presenter Des Travaux Participants L’« ŒNOMETRIE » XIX.

Photograph property of Lindsey A. Zahn.


New EU Regulation for Organic Wine

The Standing Committee on Organic Farming (“SCOF”) agreed yesterday, February 8, 2012 to new EU rules governing the production of organic wines for the 2012 harvest season. (See New EU Regulation Agreed for 2012 Harvest of Organic Wine.) These rules will be published in the Official Journal in the upcoming weeks. This is the first time EU wine producers can use the term “organic wine” on wine labels, as the EU rules previously regulated “wine made from organic grapes,” but did not cover the entire production of organic wine due to alleged disagreements on the standard for producing organic wines. (See EU Agrees Organic Wine Standard.)

The new regulation will apply to the 2012 harvest of EU wines. The laws require labels to “show  the EU-organic-logo and the code number of their certifier, and must respect other wine labelling rules.” (See New EU Regulation Agreed for 2012 Harvest of Organic Wines.) The rules establish a subcategory of oenological practices and substances for organic wines as defined in the Wine Common Market Organisation (“CMO”) Regulation 606/2009. (Id.) Specifically, “[t]he new guidelines now specify certain production methods and auxiliary substances. Wine producers wishing to use the EU organic seal will, for instance, have to forego using sorbic acid completely, and will be able to use sulfites for preservation purposes only in smaller amounts than is the case for conventionally produced wine; the difference amounts to a minimum of 30 to 50 milligrammes, depending on the residual sugar content of the wine.” (See EU Commission Passes Organic Wine Guidelines.) In addition to these practices, organic wine must be produced from organic grapes as defined under Regulation 834/2007. (See New EU Regulation Agreed for 2012 Harvest of Organic Wines.)

It is believed that the introduction of the new EU regulations for organic wines will greatly improve the international market for organic wines from the EU. This is especially beneficial considering the significant amounts of organic wines from other countries (e.g., the United States, Australia, South Africa, and Chile) that are available in the international market. These countries already established benchmarks for the production of organic wines. From an internal level, these regulations mark the “completion” of EU organic farming, as all agricultural products are now covered under organic standards. (Id.) Finally, many believe the internal market of the EU will be strengthened through these regulations by increasing customer awareness and product transparency. 

For more information, see the official European Commission press release at New EU Rules for ‘Organic’ Wine Agreed.

Photographs are property of Lindsey A. Zahn.


The winter months in New York make me long for—and think about—warmer days. When I reflect about my past summer, I think a lot about my trip to Reims in the Champagne region of France last June through July, and the experiences I had at the 2011 Wine & Law Program at the Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne. I met several colleagues with interesting and diverse experiences in the wine industry and I was fortunate to study under some of the most respected academics whose scholarship is credited throughout many areas of the wine industry. This program solidified my interest in wine and the law; the research I spent many months collaborating for my Note in law school, as well as the research for this blog, grew breath and meaning in a classroom with others who studied or were interested in similar topics. As my last semester in law school comes closer to an end each day, I remember my time in Reims quite fondly and I can only hope to return to the region one day for another academic venture.

This summer, the 2012 Wine & Law Program Summer School’s topic iComparative Aspects of European Union and United States Wine Law. The Program is from July 2, 2012 through July 13, 2012 at the Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne and applications for the Program are currently being accepted. This is the third year for the Program, which is directed by Professor Theodore Georgopoulos, and features returning instructor and Master of Wine Mr. Steve Charters, as well as instructors Ms. Tracy Genesen of Kirkland & Ellis LLP and Mr. Barton Selden of Gartenberg Gelfand Hayton & Selden LLP. (See Wine & Law Program Faculty.) Ms. Genesen’s legal experience in the wine industry ranges from serving as the litigation strategist for the famous United States case Granholm v. Heald to lecturing about “Wine and Law” at Stanford Law School. (See id.) Mr. Selden’s experiences focus strongly on trademarks and international business issues related to the wine industry, as well as financing and distribution issues related to the wine industry. (See id.) With such strong faculty on the roster, as well as an engaging topic in one of the most beautiful wine regions, I am sure the 2012 Wine & Law Program will be very successful.

Notre Dame de Reims; Reims, France.

Early registration is through April 30, 2012, although a second registration session may be available through June 14, 2012. (See Wine & Law Program Practical Information.) The Program lasts two full weeks in Reims and features classroom work every weekday from 9 AM to 4 PM with outside trips to the region after class hours. The trips last year included visiting local landmarks, vineyards, and maisons to learn about the history of the region and the process of producing Champagne, and to speak with individuals knowledgeable about the legal aspects of producing Champagne. We visited some of the larger Champagne houses (maisons) and their caves, including Ruinart and Moët & Chandon, as well as the Champagne cooperatives and smaller Champagne producers in Vertus. One evening we traveled to the Comité Interprofessionnel du Vin de Champagne (“CIVC”), the trade organization that controls the production of Champagne within the region. Our graduation dinner was at Veuve Clicquot’s Manoir de Verzy, or the country house of Madame Veuve Clicquot, and the meal itself featured several courses paired with different champagnes bottled by the maison. Each trip fit very well with what we learned throughout the day in our classroom and provided all of us with a unique understanding of the region and the production of Champagne.

The university is located on the outskirts of the city of Reims, but is easily accesible by the tram. When I attended the program, I stayed in the heart of Reims and took the tram to and from the university every day, which was quite convenient. Several of my colleagues rented apartments either in the city of Reims or on the outskirts, which is also an alternative option. The hotel I stayed at sat directly across from the Reims train station, which was optimal for weekend trips to surrounding areas of Reims. During my stay, I traveled to Paris, Épernay, Vertus, Strasbourg, and a few smaller towns. There are many other options for trips and travel ventures on the weekend or if you extend your stay.

Abbey of Hauteville; Reims, France.

A course devoted exclusively to wine and the law (or to alcohol beverages and the law) is a rarity in American law schools. Such classes do exist, but the majority of American law schools do not feature even a lecture exploring the legal overtones of the alcohol beverage industry. While this is rather unfortunate, it is my hope that our law schools will one day feature a larger avenue for individuals with such an interest. Until then, I can honestly affirm my attendance at the 2011 Wine & Law Program was the apex of my law school career. That is not to imply my law school experience was unfavorable; my strongest academic interest simply lies with alcohol beverage law. I encourage anyone interested in the legal environment of the wine industry, even if not an attorney, to apply to this program. During my session, I was the only law school student in attendance, but there were several other attorneys in the program. There were also individuals with professional ties to the wine industry who were not attorneys. I can only speak favorably about my experience last summer at the Wine & Law Program, and if there are any questions regarding the experience I had last summer, I very much welcome them.

(First Image Credit: Wine & Law Program. Remaining images property of Lindsey A. Zahn.)


UK and EU Wine Law

Wine laws have existed in Europe for several centuries. One of the oldest wine laws in Europe was created by Reichstag in the Holy Roman Empire in 1498 to combat wine fraud. In the mid-nineteenth century, during the Great French Wine Blight, an overwhelming abundance of wine fraud due to a diminishing supply triggered a need for a strong wine law in France. The wine legislation conceived as a result of the Great French Wine Blight evolved into the Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée (“AOC”) system, and is the basis for common EU regulations.

Veuve Clicquot La Maison de Verzy; Verzy, France.

Today, wine laws regulate protected designations of origin, classification of wine, and labeling practices. Regulations allowed additives and procedures of viticulture and winemaking are also covered under wine law. The law functions at three levels: regional, state, and local. Appellation-based regulations are included in wine laws of several EU countries. These cover permitted varieties of grapes and practices in wine making. Examples of such appellation-based systems are the Portuguese Denominação de Origem Controlada (“DOC”), the Spanish Denominación de Origen (“DO”), the Italian Denominazione di Origine Controllata (“DOC”), and the French Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée (“AOC”).

In the European Union, the Common Agricultural Policy (“CAP”) lays down the wine regulations (known as “The European Council and Commission Wine Regulations”)  that are common to the wine laws of most of the member countries. The rules and regulations laid out by the CAP Wine Regime are meant primarily to create an open and balanced market while governing all the principal sectors of the wine industry. These include well-defined rules for producers that cover production procedures, classification of wines, and oenological processes and practices. The rules also govern trading practices in the EU by providing a range of support and structural measures, details for labeling wine, descriptions of wines, and restrictions on the amount and quality of imports from non-EU nations.

The European Council and Commission Wine Regulations apply to all EU members. The Commission issues notices and directives from time to time for enforcement purposes. The Wine Regulations is a national Statutory Instrument (“SI”), which is reissued periodically. It is updated by regular amendments in the SIs issued to cover new or reformed legislation. Besides the generic regulations that apply to all EU countries as a whole, individual countries have their own additional frameworks for governing the wine industry. These additional laws are usually, but not always, confined to winemaking aspects like what percent of a grape species must be included in a particular label of wine with that variety name. As an example, the AOC system is ascribed to French wine professionals in order to ensure the authenticity of origin and that standard winemaking practices are in place.

Moët & Chandon Champagne Caves; Épernay, France.

In the UK, all of the European Commission Regulations are enforced by the Food Standards Agency. Additional wine rules in the UK, defined by the statutory instrument and known as the “The Wine Regulations 2011,” allow the UK to enforce community rules. The Food Standards agency functions seamlessly with growers and traders by helping them comply with the law by offering education and advice. The Food Standards agency also conducts an inspection program to deliver a cost-effective and targeted service using risk analysis. This agency identifies, analyzes, and forwards instances of breach of the law for further legal action by working closely with other regulatory bodies such as Defra, HM Revenue and Customs (“HMRC”), and local authorities.


  1. UK Legislation: The Wine Regulations 2011
  2. European Union Wine Laws: Wine Trade and Regulations

Photographs are property of Lindsey A. Zahn.

{ 1 comment }

Canadians encounter similar legal issues in the wine industry to those of us in the United States: provincial regulations and restrictions with respect to shipping and transportation of alcoholic beverages, establishing new appellations, and creating law that regulates third-party services. How can these issues be resolved or maintained?

Okanagan Valley, British Columbia, Canada

An upcoming seminar on wine issues in Vancouver will discuss the techniques and contemporary issues for the British Columbian market. Law Seminars International presents the Third Annual Wine Law Seminar Focusing on British Columbia, during the Vancouver Wine Festival. This year, the topics to be discussed include new regulations, licensing structures, and opportunities. The seminar, which will be hosted on February 27, 2012 at the Metropolitan Hotel in Vancouver, will be co-hosted by attorneys Mark Hickon, Esq. of Vintage Law Group and author of the blog WineLaw.ca, and Christopher S. Wilson, Esq. of  Bull, Housser & Tupper LLP. Law Seminar International recommends “[a]ttorneys and professionals in the wine and liquor industry” attend. (See Third Annual Wine Law Seminar Focusing on British Columbia.) The agenda features important topics revolving around legal issues in the wine industry particular to British Columbia, Canada, such as provincial regulation and taxation of alcoholic beverages, selling alcoholic beverages outside of British Columbia, the licensing scheme of British Columbia, establishing new appellations, and third-part Internet services for alcohol beverages. The end of the program is followed by a wine tasting event for faculty and attendees with Sid Cross, Esq., Co-Founder and Advisor of Chefs Table Society.

The following is a description of the seminar from the co-chairs:

This seminar will progress from getting a handle on pricing and sales issues to legal issues related to marketing and the various distribution channels, including shipping law reform. Trade-marks, geographical indicators and the economics of the industry, as well as legislative trends and regulatory processes, will also be addressed.

We will bring together experts from a variety of perspectives and disciplines to share their experiences, challenges and success stories regarding this evolving landscape. Don’t miss this annual gathering of the region’s leading wine and liquor law professionals. Join us for valuable discussions about the industry, as well as the wine tasting reception moderated by Sid Cross, Co-Founder of Chefs Table Society, following the seminar.

Program Co-Chairs: Mark Hicken, Esq. of Vintage Law Group and Christopher S. Wilson, Esq. of Bull, Housser & Tupper LLP

On Reserve is delighted to announce a special discount for its readers: half  off (50% off)full-priced, regular tuition with the registrar. Simply call Law Seminars at 206-567-4490 and ask for the Registrar, Dale, to use this discount, and mention the On Reserve Discount when you register. “Regular tuition for this seminar is [$]US595 with a group rate of $US445 each for two or more registrants from the same firm. For government employees, we offer a special rate of $US395. For students and people in their job for less than a year, our rate is $US297.50. All rates include admission to all seminar sessions, food and beverages at breaks, and all course materials. Make checks payable to Law Seminars International.” (Id.) For more information, see the brochure from the seminar.

(Image Credit: Rates To Go Blog.)